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Akkadian, language

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Akkadian (lišānum akkadītum, 𒀝𒂵𒌈 ak.kADû) is a now extinct Semitic language, spoken in ancient Mesopotamia mainly by Assyrians and Babylonians during the 2nd millennium B.C. In its time it became the lingua franca of the entire region.It is written employing a cuneiform writing system derived from Sumerian. The name comes from the city of Akkad. Babylonian and Assyrian are late forms of Akkadian used in the kingdoms of Babylon and Assyria, respectively.

Akkadian
𒀝𒅗𒁺𒌑
akkadû

Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform syllabary – British Library

Native to

Assyria and Babylon

Region

Mesopotamia

Era

c. 2500 – 500 BCE; academic or liturgical use until AD 100

Language family

Afro-Asiatic

  • Semitic
    • East Semitic
      • Akkadian

Writing system

Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform

Official status

Official language in

Initially Akkad (central Mesopotamia); lingua franca of the Middle East and Egypt in the late Bronze and early Iron Ages.

Translator of Books

frantraductor

Traductor de Libros & Lingüista

Further Reading