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Eblaite language

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Eblaite, also known as Ebla, or Palaeo-Syrian, is an extinct East Semitic language used during the 3rd millennium BC by the populations of Northern Syria. It was named after the ancient city of Ebla, in modern western Syria. Variants of the language were also spoken in Mari and Nagar. According to Cyrus H. Gordon, although scribes might have spoken it sometimes, Eblaite was probably not spoken much, being rather a written lingua franca with East and West Semitic features. The language was discovered through cuneiform tablets found in Ebla.

Eblaite inscriptions on tablet

Eblaite inscriptions found in Ebla

RegionEbla
Era3rd millennium BC
Language family
Afro-Asiatic
  • Semitic
    • East Semitic
      • Eblaite
Writing system
Cuneiform

Map of Ebla and other principal sites of Syria and Upper Mesopotamia in the second half of the third millennium BC

Ebla and other principal sites of Syria and Mesopotamia in the second half of the third millennium BC.

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