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universal grammar

Universal Grammar - Fran ANAYA (Linguist and translator)
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Universal grammar, theory proposing that humans possess innate faculties related to the acquisition of language. Universal grammar consists of a set of atomic grammatical categories and relations that are the building blocks of the particular grammars of all human languages, over which syntactic structures and constraints on those structures are defined. A universal grammar would suggest that all languages possess the same set of categories and relations and that in order to communicate through language, speakers make infinite use of finite means (→ Wilhelm von Humboldt).

Basically, the universal grammar consists in innate constraints on what the grammar of a possible human language could be. When linguistic stimuli are received in the course of language acquisition, children then adopt specific syntactic rules that conform to universal grammar.

Universal grammar t is associated with work in→  generative grammar, and it is based on the idea that certain aspects of syntactic structure are universal (→ → Noam Chomsky). 

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